LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (KTHV) - According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, 10 million Americans suffer from age-related macular degeneration or AMD, a leading cause of vision loss in people 65 years or older. Dr. Lydia Lane with Little Rock Eye Clinic joined THV 11 This Morning to discuss this disease and what you can do to protect your vision.
What is Macular Degeneration?
The inside of the eye is lined with a delicate tissue called the Retina. This takes all that we see, processes it into a signal and then send this to our brains to tell us what we are seeing.
99% of our vision is concentrated into one VERY small area of the retina called the Macula.
In some people the macula can begin to deteriorate. If this area deteriorates you might notice that there are areas of your vision that are missing or distorted. This makes it very difficult to read and see faces or even watch television.
This is Macular Degeneration or AMD.
How is it treated?
There are two types of macular degeneration:
- Dry: treated with vitamins to prevent progression
- Wet (fluid leaking into the macula): treated by a retina specialist with medicine and sometimes laser to help prevent more damage.
Can you prevent AMD?
It's important to know your risk factors. If you have any of these risks factors or have noticed symptoms of waviness or blurred vision and are concerned then visit your eye care professional for an exam.
• Having a family member with this issue
• Age over 60
• High Blood Pressure or Cholesterol
• A diet low in Vitamins A, C, and E
You can also adjust your lifestyle to help reduce your risk.
• Eat green vegetables like:
- collard greens
• Stop Smoking
• Control Your BP
• Watch Your Cholesterol