INSIDER SECRET: You’ll want to choose your cruise line carefully. Some cruise lines, like Carnival, cater to families and budget travelers, while others, like Celebrity, are known for offering a more luxury experience.

If you have looked into or taken an Alaskan cruise before, you know how confusing it can be to choose the right cruise itinerary. There are many different ports of call, none of which you have likely heard of before, tons of “scenic cruising” days (what the heck are those anyway?), plus one-way or round-trip options.

It’s overwhelming, to say the least. Alaskan cruises offer some of the largest variety from week to week and ship to ship compared to any other cruising region in the world.

But there are good reasons to have so many options. Once you know what differences to look for, you can find the right itinerary for that perfect Alaskan cruise.

Don’t get overwhelmed with all the options. There is a perfect Alaskan cruise itinerary for everyone. I’ll walk you through all of the considerations when booking your cruise to make sure you have the cruise of a lifetime and can enjoy Alaska to its fullest.

When sorting through all the different Alaskan cruise itineraries, here are six decisions to consider:

Now, let’s break each of these steps down:

There is no single answer to this question — but luckily there are many different cruise lines to choose from, and each specializes in a specific type of cruise.

If you already have a favorite cruise line, then I would recommend you stick with them. While Alaska used to be a specialty cruise destination that only a handful of cruise lines offered, now all the major cruise lines have at least a few Alaskan itineraries each year.

Choosing the perfect cruise line is an entire discussion in itself, but I will try to generalize here.

There are many other cruise lines than those mentioned here. For folks that are entirely new to cruising in general, I would recommend either Princess Cruises or Holland America for your first Alaska cruise.

Both these cruise lines (sister companies, both owned by Carnival Corporation) have been cruising in Alaska for over 50 years. They offer the most itineraries and have the most ships in the area. They also have the strongest relationships with tour operators and just in general offer the most choice of itineraries and destinations.

Between the two, Princess offers a more family-friendly, modern, and casual ship experience that is great for people traveling with kids, while Holland America is more focused on luxury experiences, fine food, live music and traditional cruise experiences. Both of these companies also offer smaller ships that can navigate where other mega-ships like those from Norwegian, Carnival, Royal Caribbean, Disney, and Celebrity simply can’t go, which can be a huge plus in Alaska.

Alaskan cruises are either one-way or round-trip cruises.

Round-trip cruises tend to leave from either Seattle or Vancouver (Canada). Being round-trip, these cruises have the advantage of simplicity, but the disadvantage of being limited in the distance they can travel since the boat needs to loop back to the same port.

For this reason, round-trip cruises tend to focus on southern Alaska. They rarely go much further north than Juneau, only sometimes venturing up briefly for scenic cruising to Glacier Bay National Park or the Hubbard Glacier.

Nothing is more unique to Alaska than the massive glaciers, many of which are only accessible from the ship. Summer is the best month to enjoy the glaciers because this is the season they are most active. (Photo by Pixeljoy/Shutterstock)
Nothing is more unique to Alaska than the massive glaciers, many of which are only accessible from the ship. Summer is the best month to enjoy the glaciers because this is the season they are most active. (Photo by Pixeljoy/Shutterstock)

One-way cruises allow you to experience much more of Alaska. They usually travel between Anchorage and either Seattle or Vancouver, spending an entire week traveling down the Alaskan coast and its various inlets. Ships usually alternate between “Northbound” and “Southbound” travels, but the itineraries are mostly the same regardless of direction.

The biggest difference between the two options is the ports you want to visit. Some more northerly ports are only available on one-way cruises. The one-way cruises also offer more opportunities for wildlife spotting and often offer two different days of glacier exploring, compared to only one day offered by round-trip itineraries.

If you have extra time, most cruise lines will also sell 14-day cruises which is a round-trip cruise made up of two back to back one-way cruises on the same ship. This, of course, is the best of both worlds.

Alaskan cruises mostly offer three different departure/arrival ports to choose from: Seattle, Vancouver (Canada), and Anchorage. These all have pros and cons.

Seattle has become one of the most popular departure ports in recent years because of how easy and affordable it is to reach. There are no Customs (or passports) to worry about for American citizens, and it can often be cheaper for US residents to travel to Seattle than nearby Vancouver.

While Seattle has risen in popularity, it is important to know that there are a few significant disadvantages of leaving from Seattle:

In my opinion, Vancouver is the best departure port for Alaska cruises. It was where most Alaskan cruises originally left from before Seattle rose in popularity. Here’s why:

I prefer departing from Vancouver as opposed to Seattle (Photo by Hannamariah/Shutterstock)
I prefer departing from Vancouver as opposed to Seattle (Photo by Hannamariah/Shutterstock)

One-way cruises almost always either depart from or arrive into Anchorage on the north end of their trip. The only major cruise line that sails up into Anchorage itself is Holland America. The other cruise lines tend to port in the more easily boat-accessible Whittier, Alaska.

Traveling between Anchorage (the nearest major airport) and Whittier (where the boat actually leaves from) is a 45-60 minute drive. You will want to figure out private transportation options or work with the cruise company to get between the airport and your ship.

Now it is time to look into the ports that you will be traveling to. These are the most popular Alaskan cruise ports of call:

This should help you choose ports that are going to provide what you are looking for in an Alaskan cruise.

Scenic cruising is one of my favorite elements of Alaska cruises. This is the prime time to spot Alaskan wildlife from the boats and enjoy the state’s jaw-dropping landscapes.

Most Alaskan cruises include at least one scenic cruising spot, but the one-way cruises tend to offer more scenic cruising (two or three is common). Here is what each area has to offer:

Hubbard Glacier: One of the largest glaciers in Alaska. It is 6 miles wide where the glacier meets the ocean and over 33 stories tall. It is a glacier the size of a city skyline, with icebergs 3-4 stories tall. Sea lions and whales are most common, with occasional sightings of bears and mountain goats. Many folks consider this the most spectacular glacier in Alaska.

Glacier Bay National Park is a hot spot for seeing wildlife from the comfort of a cruise ship. Common wildlife spottings include bear, mountain goats, puffins, whales and more. (Photo by Chase Dekker/Shutterstock)
Glacier Bay National Park is a hot spot for seeing wildlife from the comfort of a cruise ship. Common wildlife spottings include bear, mountain goats, puffins, whales and more. (Photo by Chase Dekker/Shutterstock)

Glacier Bay: A US National Park that is only accessible by ship or plane. A visit to Glacier Bay is one of the longest scenic cruising days, usually starting early in the morning and lasting until the evening. National Park rangers and cultural guides usually board the ship in the morning and offer presentations and guide services from the ship deck. Wildlife sightings are common, most frequently sea otters, whales, mountain goats, harbor seals and a variety of seabirds. Bring your National Park Passport and get a stamp for Glacier Bay National Park on board from one of the rangers. This is one of the few ways to experience this remote area.

Tracy Arm Fjord: Just south of Juneau is Tracy Arm Fjord, which is about 30 miles long. It weaves up through narrow ravines with rich ecosystems. Spotting mountain goats, bears, moose, and even wolves are common. Whales are prevalent in the bays entering the fjord. The fjord culminates with the twin Sawyer glaciers, revered by many naturalists as the most beautiful glaciers in all of Alaska.

Inside Passage: The Inside Passage is an area of southern Alaska just north of Vancouver that offers all-day sightseeing opportunities since land is visible from both sides of the ship. The protected waters are home to abundant wildlife on the shores and as well as prevalent marine life.

I previously wrote about this in depth. But choosing the right time of year can dramatically impact your Alaskan cruise experience far more than more people realize.

Early season (April & May): Affordable cruise prices, the best time for bird watching and solid whale watching opportunities. Most wildlife is active and visible on shore during this time.

April and May are some of the best months for whale sighting opportunities in Alaska. (Photo by Vadim Petrakov/Shutterstock)
April and May are some of the best months for whale sighting opportunities in Alaska. (Photo by Vadim Petrakov/Shutterstock)

Summer season (June & July): The best time to visit for seeing marine wildlife like sea otters, whales, sea lions and porpoises. Land wildlife moves inland, making it harder to spot during the summer. Glaciers are at their peak activity during this time and it is also the best time to visit if you want to fish.

Late summer (August): This is when the salmon spawn, making it the only time to visit if you want to see this exciting natural event. Because of the salmon spawning, it is also the best time for bear spotting.

Fall season (September): The only time to visit if you want to see the Northern Lights. Most wildlife will be preparing for winter.

Alaska is my absolute favorite cruise destination. There are so many different things to see and experience in Alaska, so determining what you want ahead of time is important and planning your itinerary around it is essential. While choosing an Alaskan cruise can feel overwhelming, there are tons of choices that will allow you to get the perfect cruise itinerary for you if you follow our steps.

And don’t forget, the travel rewards you can earn with many of the best credit cards for travel can be used to help offset the cost of a cruise. So be sure to check out our list of the top credit cards for travel.

Do you have any other tips for a perfect Alaskan cruise? Please share them in the comments below!

This story was originally written on Million Mile Secrets. For the latest tips and tricks on traveling big without spending a fortune, subscribe to the Million Mile Secrets daily email newsletter.